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Articles Sept-Oct 2022

Roger Drego on Creating Fail-Proof Sound for Mega Live Events New!

In a session titled 'Performance Guarantee of Mega Scale Live Sound Projects', Roger Drego, Managing Director, Electrocraft, took to the stage at PALM Conference 2022 to share invaluable challenges and insights with regards to guaranteeing fail-proof sound reinforcement during showtime. read more

Articles Sept-Oct 2022

Bringing Futuristic AV Ideas To Life New!

MMRDA, responsible for promoting, monitoring, and developing various sectors in Maharashtra, including, but not limited to transport, housing, water supply and more, entrusted EYTE to revamp and upgrade Wadala Monorail Depot's Boardroom with state-of-the-art AV infrastructure. Abdul Waheed, Managing Director, EYTE Technologies Pvt Ltd, in conversation with PALM Technology, reveals how his team transformed the visage and acoustics of the boardroom and managed to execute the impossible feat in a matter of seven days. read more

Articles Sept-Oct 2022

Exploring the Dynamics of India's Pro AV market with Renkus-HeinzNew!

Renkus-Heinz is a professional loudspeaker company known for its innovative technology that redefines sound to empower its audience. PALM+AV-ICN got in touch with Karan Kathuria, Renkus-Heinz's Director of Sales and Business Development, Asia, Oceania and SAARC, to learn more about the company's plans for India and its strategy to stimulate growth across different verticals.read more

Articles Sept-Oct 2022

7 New Trends in AV Conferencing to look out for this year New!

From augmented meetings and interactive whiteboards to LED video walls and seamless acoustics - Pooja Shah, Editorial Assistant at PALM AV-ICN, reports a comprehensive roundup of the biggest AV conferencing trends to keep an eye out for in 2022. read more

Articles July-Aug 2022

IRAA 2021 Winners Felicitation New!

The IRAA 2021 winners were felicitated at the PALM expo on 28th May 2022 in the presence of Jury members. Check out the pics here. Nominations for IRAA 2022 close on 30th October so hurry and send in your nominations now! read more

Articles July-Aug 2022

PALM AV-ICN Expo 2022 - Glimpses & HighlightsNew!

The PALM AV-ICN Expo 2022, held from May 26 - May 28, 2022 at Bombay Exhibition Centre in Mumbai, witnessed 20,000+ unique visitors from the world of pro audio, display, lighting, and integration. Take a look at the three-day expo's glimpses. read more

Articles July-Aug 2022

HARMAN Live Arena dazzles with a range of latest audio and lighting gearNew!

The HARMAN Live Arena one of the most popular demo features at the PALM Expo entered its 11th year. The Live Arena facilitates live demonstrations of advanced sound and lighting systems, through three-day live musical performances, featuring popular and budding artists and bands from the country's independent music scene.read more

Articles July-Aug 2022

CAVS (Certified AV Specialist) Course returns for its second consecutive editionNew!

The ethos of CAVS is to provide an independent neutral education forum suited to Indian AV ecosystem to gain their commitment to a future career in AV as a technician and join an integration team on par. AV professionals in India were imparted basic knowledge of AV from May 26 - May 28, 2022 at the CAVS three-day training.read more

Articles July-Aug 2022

PALM AV-ICN Conference & SeminarNew!

Curated by PALM AV-ICN magazine, the PALM Conference & Seminar was the optimum learning and networking platform for attendees, where the best talent and top-notch professionals from the country shared their expertise, skills and knowledge. read more

Articles July-Aug 2022

High Quality Attendance At Palm & Av-Icn Expo 2022New!

The professional sound, professional display, professional lighting and integration market of importers, distributors, dealers and actual users congregated in full strength at the BEC, Mumbai, to witness the largest display of product range from top global brands, sourcing millions of dollars inventory for distribution and rental.... read more

Articles July-Aug 2022

IRAA strikes an energetic progress path with new chiefNew!

K.J. Singh recording engineer of brave new-gen albums is a spirited veteran deeply involved with Indian recording arts and professionals. The entire jury of IRAA after years is now entirely fresh, newly appointed by KJ... read more

Articles July-Aug 2022

Attendees to PALM & AV-ICN Expo 2022New!

PALM AV-ICN 2022 proved to be far busier and well attended than expected. Who exactly attends and exhibits at India's foremost audio, lighting, and audiovisual technology expo? Read on for detailed breakdown of the attendee figures... read more

Articles July-Aug 2022

Chopra's Keynote Pushes For Indian Manufacturing, Indian BrandsNew!

The 20th PALM Convention Keynote address by Founding Director Anil Chopra gave a clarion call for major investment into manufacturing pro audio, pro lighting and pro AV hardware in India... read more

Articles July-Aug 2022

What to expect from NEC at InfoComm India 2022New!

Joining PALM AV-ICN for a quick interview is Krishna Tripathi, General Manager, Display Solutions, NEC Corporation India Private Limited, wherein he elaborates on the exciting products attendees will be able to witness at the NEC Booth E20 at InfoComm India... read more


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Pramod Chandorkar - Founder, SoundideaZ Academy

Chandorkar offers expert tips on achieving a good recording with details about room dynamics, good microphones and their placement, and more.

In this age of Sound engineering, is the art of recording still alive? I had an opportunity to discuss the same with my contemporary engineers and seniors recently. It was a very relevant topic, which I thought could be discussed here.

Actually other than vocals hardly any instrument is recorded in today’s time. This applies to the most released popular music in India. As far as the recording art is concerned, its still kept alive by the Bands, Classical Music and other private non-film Music.

I cherish those memories when I used to record live instruments every day. Those were the days when I got to practice the art of recording. Microphone placement plays a major role in getting a good recording. My Guruji taught me “when you are recording you are actually capturing a precious time of the performance of an artist”. These words are engraved in my mind.

An important aspect for a good recording is the ‘Room’. The sound of the room plays a very important role in getting a good recording. Despite using the most state-of-the-art equipment, if the room is not acoustically right, the recording will never come right. In today’s time where space is so expensive, the size of the studio has been curtailed to a small room. Can we actually get a good recording out of these small rooms? Yes we can get a good recording out of these rooms as long as we understand the role of the room in a good recording. Different strategies need to be applied for recording different sounds.

Vocal recording

While recording solo vocals, ‘Distance’ is one factor, partly because of the proximity effect of the cardioid microphones typically used for vocal recording. A Mic further away from the singer picks up a more natural representation of their head and chest resonances. Close proximity to microphone will enhance the Lip noise; Esses & pop Sounds. Higher frequencies tend to beam slightly downwards from the nose and mouth, so positions below the nose will tend to be brighter than those above. Some consonants, such as ‘S’ and ‘P’ sounds, tend to be worst directly on axis vertically. When a microphone diaphragm is placed right in front of the lips or little below, the sound captured will be brighter in nature. If the microphone diaphragm is placed a little higher in line of the nose, the head resonance is captured. Depending on the performer the placement should be decided. The horizontal plane is a bit more of an unknown quantity, as it seems to me to vary more from singer to singer and many vocalists sing asymmetrically too, so the best thing to do is experiment, if you have the time. When you’re moving the Mic around, you need to make sure that the singer doesn’t follow it with their head position and posture; otherwise they’ll counteract the expected effect. The easiest way to prevent this is to set up the pop shield and have the singers locate themselves accordingly, rather than according to the Mic. Putting lyric sheets in a sensible location can also do a lot to direct the singer’s attention in the desired direction irrespective of Mic position.

Changing the angle of the Mic in any given position will also change the sound, especially if you’ve followed the norm of using a large diaphragm cardioid condenser Mic. Even the best large diaphragm cardioid mics deliver an altered frequency response off axis, which usually means less sensitivity to the high end of the spectrum, and in principle you could, indeed, use this to soften backing vocals.

Backing Vocals Or Chorus Recording

Recording multiple singers for a Chorus section has been a very important part of Indian film music. Using an Omni directional Condenser Microphone at a distance of 2-3 feet will give Impressive results. In the case where the section is singing an high octave part and are large in numbers the distance from the microphone can go up to 4-5 feet. This technique will deliver a good balanced Round sound. This technique will also capture the room sound to give the bigness of the section. For low octave or soft sections the distance can be reduced to 1-2 feet. Using different polar patterns as figure of 8 and spreading out the vocal section in such a way that bright vocalist can be off axis and softer ones on axis also improves the overall sound. The decision to apply the Mic technique also depends on the musical part being performed.

AKG 414, Neumann U 87 is widely used for these recordings.

Indian Percussion (Dholak & Tabla)

Indian Percussions have a very large range in terms of loudness and timber. They are played with sticks as well as hands. We will differentiate them with their characteristics. Hand played percussion’s include the following

Dholak, Tabla, Dholki, Pakhawaj, Mridungam, Khol. The mentioned instruments are not very loud in nature. However, when played loud, these instruments sound different. When we Mic these instruments, the style of playing or the genre in which they will be used is important to know in order to make a decision on how to Mic them. These instruments are also played solo or in an ensemble where you can have group of percussion’s playing together. The micking for such ensembles will be different than that of a solo performance.

Solo Micking

Shure SM58 & 57 is a very widely used dynamic microphone for these percussions. They should be placed 6-8” away from the source and pointing towards the center of the Instrument face. There have been a lot of instances where its debated weather to use one microphone for a Tabla or two!! Tabla consists of two individual parts a ‘Chati’ and a ‘Baya’. These are placed next to each other and the sound source is very much in the center. Ideal placement is one microphone in the center of both, the distance being 6-8”. The ‘Baya’ generates low mids and lows, where as ‘Chati’ generates hi mids and Mids. One SM 58 can very well capture them both or even a Neumann U 87 (Condenser Mic). In case of the later the distance can be 1 feet. Now based on the style of playing, you should ensure that the transients are not too loud and will be well captured by the microphone without getting overloading and saturation. A condenser microphone will give u a very clean character with pristine top end; if the distance is right you can capture the transients very nicely.

A Dholak also can be captured well with Shure Sm 58 & 57. Here the sound sources are exactly opposite to each other and you need 2 microphones. The distance has to be 6-8 “ apart. Generally a dynamic Mic is preferred than the condenser for recording a Dholak or the rest of the above-mentioned instruments other than the Tabla.

Ensemble or sections of Dholak

When recording sections of these percussions doing a collective micking to the section will deliver better results than doing individual micking. This will capture a room tone and a good ambience sound, which makes it sound bigger. Close micking or spot micking will not give a big sound. Some engineers nicely blend the spot mics with room mics. A thorough knowledge of Phase is required when you use multiple microphones for the sections.

In this technology dominated world of sound lets not forget the fundamentals of good recordings. An Acoustically designed room; good Microphones, Proper Knowledge of Mic Placement, Decent or good recording equipment’s only will lead to a good recording and a great Mix.

To Be continued..

Current Issue : September - October 2022
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